Clinical Review: Breast Development in Trans Women Receiving Cross-Sex Hormones

Published online 16 December 2015

Abstract

Introduction

In trans women (male-to-female transsexual persons), cross-sex hormone therapy is administered to induce feminization. Breast development is an important part of feminization for most trans women.

Aim

The aim of this study is to assess the effect of cross-sex hormone therapy on breast ...

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Largest Study to Date: Transgender Hormone Treatment Safe

Cross-sex hormone treatment of transgender adults leads to very few long-term side effects, according to the authors of the largest study to date to examine this issue.

More than 2000 patients from 15 US and European centers participated in the retrospective study, called "Comorbidity and Side Effects of Cross-Sex Hormone ...

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Effects of Estrogen Treatment on Sexual Behavior in Male-to-Female Transsexuals: Experimental and Clinical Observations

Published

Arch Sex Behav. 1985 Feb;14(1):29-40.

Abstract

The effects of oral estrogen treatment on sexual physiology and behavior were examined in seven presurgical male-to-female transsexuals engaged in cross-living. Subjects were studied prior to hormone treatment, during long-term hormone treatment, and during an experimental double-blind period in which ...

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Endocrine and clinical effects of micronized estradiol administered vaginally or orally - [2001]

OBJECTIVE

To determine the impact of the vaginal route of micronized estradiol (E(2)) administration upon hepatic globulin and lipid production and upon the outcome of oocyte donation cycles in which the recipients received E(2) via this route.

DESIGN

Series report.

SETTING

University-based assisted reproduction techniques (ART) program.

PATIENT ...

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Postmenopausal Hormone Replacement Therapy and Breast Cancer

Abstract

The concern that postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may cause cancer of the breast has generated much research in epidemiology, endocrinology, and tumor cell biology. The recognition that naturally occurring 17beta-estradiol is a weak genotoxic and mutagenic carcinogen provides a plausible background for the association of breast cancer with ...

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A follow-up study for estimating the effectiveness of a cross-gender hormone substitution therapy on transsexual patients

© Archives of Sexual Behavior : 10/1998

Authors - Schlatterer, Kathrin; Yassouridis, Alexander; Werder, Klaus von; Poland, Dorette; Kemper, Johannes; Stalla, Gunter K.

Introduction

Gender dysphoric disorders have been known from antiquity onward across national and cultural boundaries. They have been described in classic literature from Heroditus to Shakespeare (Pauly, 1965; Green ...

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Zen And The Art Of Post-Operative Maintenance

So, you are planning your surgery. You have your reservations, your tickets, your suitcase, etc, etc. But what about when you get home? This information was gathered primarily to help get you through the rough times after surgery. What you are going through will not be easy, but you have ...

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Hormonal Sex Reassignment

Abstract

The author reviews the relevant current literature on the subject. He goes on to outline detailed treatment recommendations for MTFs with estrogens and antiandrogens. He highlights side effects and complications such as venous thrombosis, breast cancer in individuals with a predisposing family history and the rare incidence of prolactin ...

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Hormone Replacement Therapy

Introduction

There are almost ten million menopausal women in the UK today, of whom 80 per cent will suffer from climacteric symptoms. Less than a quarter of these women, however, seek help. Unfortunately, of those who do seek medical advice, many have their questions or problems unresolved either due to ...

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Hormone Treatment in Transsexuals

Authors - Henk Asscheman, MD and Louis J.G. Gooren, MD

Henk Asscheman and Louis J.G. Gooren are both affiliated with the Division of Andrology/Endocrinology, Free University Hospital, Amsterdam. Please send all correspondence to: Professor Louis J.G. Gooren, Free University Hospital, P0. Box 7057, 1007 MB Amsterdam, the ...

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Pharmacokinetics of Estrogens and Hormone Replacement Therapy

Abstract

Various estrogen preparations can be used in hormone replacement therapy for peri- and postmenopausal women. Different progestagens can be combined with these estrogens and different methods of administration, different dosages and administration schemes can be used. The pharmacokinetics can vary greatly in the same treatment according to the individual ...

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The Pharmacological Treatment of Transsexuals

Hormonal therapy for transsexual patients undergoing gender re-assignment suffers from a lack of knowledge about possible adverse effects. This article presents a description of some of the drugs we have found useful for management of these patients and gives an outline of our scheme for monitoring change.

The endocrinological management ...

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Endocrine Treatment of Transsexual People: A Review of Treatment Regimens, Outcomes, and Adverse Effects

Abstract

Cross-sex hormone treatment is an important component in medical treatment of transsexual people. Endocrinologists are often faced with designing treatment recommendations. Although guidelines from organizations, such as the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association, have been helpful, management remains complex and experience guided. We discuss the range of treatment ...

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Oral and transdermal estrogens both lower plasma total homocysteine in male-to-female transsexuals

Authors

Giltay EJ; Verhoef P; Gooren LJ; Geleijnse JM; Schouten EG; Stehouwer CD

Department of Human Nutrition and Epidemiology, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 8129, Netherlands. [email protected]

Source

Atherosclerosis 2003 May;168(1):139-46 (ISSN: 0021-9150)

Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) levels are on average lower in women versus ...

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Preoperative fasting: we need a new consensus

Abstract

Fasting before surgery is necessary to avoid the risk of regurgitation and vomiting; it is also a legal requirement. But the current practice of fasting overnight or up to eight hours before surgery can cause dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, malnutrition and general malaise. Evidence shows that patients can benefit from ...

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